Otto Perl, who was dismissed from the Austrian Army in 1938 because he was Jewish, later immigrated to America. This photo shows his US Army unit at Camp Ritchie, Maryland, circa 1945. — US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Otto Perl


When asked what they want to be when they grow up, the children replied, “a doctor, an engineer, a chef, a painter, a teacher.” Others said they hope they can just go home.

Courtesy of The Wisdom House Project


Educators Endured Torture to Keep Nazism Out of Classrooms



Yaffa Sonenson (now Eliach) feeds chickens in front of her family’s summer home in Tetlance on June 23, 1941—the same day that Germany occupied Eisiskes. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of the Shtetl Foundation


Rabbi Szymen Rozowski (1874–1941). —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of the Shtetl Foundation




A 1941 group portrait of members of the Zionist youth movement, Hashomer Hatzair, from Eisiskes and surrounding towns. — US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of the Shtetl Foundation


Sarah (front) and Leah Michalowski pose on the bridge to Eisiskes in 1941, the same year Nazi Germany invaded and they were killed. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of the Shtetl Foundation

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

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