A group of Jewish refugee children wait in the port of Lisbon to board the SS Mouzinho, which took them to the United States in 1941.
A group of Jewish refugee children wait in the port of Lisbon to board the…

Fleeing terror at home, searching for safety and shelter. During the Holocaust, European Jews cried out to the world for help, desperate to escape Nazi persecution. Without legal protection, their lives hung in the balance. Some were granted refuge in foreign countries with an unfamiliar language, new customs, and limited…

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Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun (left), a former Nazi, receives a federal civilian service award from President Dwight D. Eisenhower circa 1959.
Rocket scientist Wernher von Braun (left), a former Nazi, receives a federal civilian service award…

After escaping the Nazis, Arno Mayer and other German Jewish refugees learned how to glean information from the enemy as part of a secret American military operation during World War II.

Mayer faced a moral dilemma when he was ordered to work with German rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and…

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Halina Litman stands between her aunt, Irena Keh, and mother, Olga Litman, in a prewar photograph, circa 1934–39. Halina’s aunt was killed during the Holocaust.
Halina Litman stands between her aunt, Irena Keh, and mother, Olga Litman, in a prewar…

For as long as there has been war, mothers have risked their lives to protect their children. In Nazi-occupied Poland, Olga Litman did everything she could to save her daughters as they were hunted by the Germans. They moved between towns, hid with farmers, and took on false identities. When…

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Nazi Storm Troopers and young German men holding pictures and pamphlets at a public book burning, circa 1933–1940.
Nazi Storm Troopers and young German men holding pictures and pamphlets at a public book…

Beginning in May 1933, university students in Nazi clubs across Germany orchestrated a destructive campaign to burn thousands of books and other materials considered “un-German.” The works of Jewish writers including Sigmund Freud and political activists such as Helen Keller were among countless others scorched in festive ceremonies celebrating Nazi…

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Marion van Binsbergen Pritchard in 1946 (left). Hannah Szenes in 1938.
Marion van Binsbergen Pritchard in 1946 (left). Hannah Szenes in 1938.

Hannah Szenes was just 23 years old when she parachuted into enemy territory in an attempt to help her fellow Jews. Five years earlier she had left her home in Budapest, but she risked her life to return to Nazi-occupied Europe. In the Netherlands, Marion Pritchard sheltered a Jewish family…

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Jews in 1941 in Lubny, Ukraine, who were later massacred.
Jews in Lubny, Ukraine, were rounded up and later massacred in October 1941 by Germans…

Today, the Ukrainian people are under attack. The story of their nation is forever linked to the 1.5 million Jews who were killed in the region during the Holocaust and millions of other Ukrainian civilians who died in the war. Russian President Vladimir Putin has twisted that history to justify…

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